Error codes for optional checks

This section documents various errors codes that mypy generates only if you enable certain options. See Error codes for general documentation about error codes. Error codes enabled by default documents error codes that are enabled by default.

Note

The examples in this section use inline configuration to specify mypy options. You can also set the same options by using a configuration file or command-line options.

Check that type arguments exist [type-arg]

If you use --disallow-any-generics, mypy requires that each generic type has values for each type argument. For example, the types List or dict would be rejected. You should instead use types like List[int] or Dict[str, int]. Any omitted generic type arguments get implicit Any values. The type List is equivalent to List[Any], and so on.

Example:

# mypy: disallow-any-generics

from typing import List

# Error: Missing type parameters for generic type "List"  [type-arg]
def remove_dups(items: List) -> List:
    ...

Check that every function has an annotation [no-untyped-def]

If you use --disallow-untyped-defs, mypy requires that all functions have annotations (either a Python 3 annotation or a type comment).

Example:

# mypy: disallow-untyped-defs

def inc(x):  # Error: Function is missing a type annotation  [no-untyped-def]
    return x + 1

def inc_ok(x: int) -> int:  # OK
    return x + 1

class Counter:
     # Error: Function is missing a type annotation  [no-untyped-def]
     def __init__(self):
         self.value = 0

class CounterOk:
     # OK: An explicit "-> None" is needed if "__init__" takes no arguments
     def __init__(self) -> None:
         self.value = 0

Check that cast is not redundant [redundant-cast]

If you use --warn-redundant-casts, mypy will generate an error if the source type of a cast is the same as the target type.

Example:

# mypy: warn-redundant-casts

from typing import cast

Count = int

def example(x: Count) -> int:
    # Error: Redundant cast to "int"  [redundant-cast]
    return cast(int, x)

Check that comparisons are overlapping [comparison-overlap]

If you use --strict-equality, mypy will generate an error if it thinks that a comparison operation is always true or false. These are often bugs. Sometimes mypy is too picky and the comparison can actually be useful. Instead of disabling strict equality checking everywhere, you can use # type: ignore[comparison-overlap] to ignore the issue on a particular line only.

Example:

# mypy: strict-equality

def is_magic(x: bytes) -> bool:
    # Error: Non-overlapping equality check (left operand type: "bytes",
    #        right operand type: "str")  [comparison-overlap]
    return x == 'magic'

We can fix the error by changing the string literal to a bytes literal:

# mypy: strict-equality

def is_magic(x: bytes) -> bool:
    return x == b'magic'  # OK

Check that no untyped functions are called [no-untyped-call]

If you use --disallow-untyped-calls, mypy generates an error when you call an unannotated function in an annotated function.

Example:

# mypy: disallow-untyped-calls

def do_it() -> None:
    # Error: Call to untyped function "bad" in typed context  [no-untyped-call]
    bad()

def bad():
    ...

Check that function does not return Any value [no-any-return]

If you use --warn-return-any, mypy generates an error if you return a value with an Any type in a function that is annotated to return a non-Any value.

Example:

# mypy: warn-return-any

def fields(s):
     return s.split(',')

def first_field(x: str) -> str:
    # Error: Returning Any from function declared to return "str"  [no-any-return]
    return fields(x)[0]

Check that types have no Any components due to missing imports [no-any-unimported]

If you use --disallow-any-unimported, mypy generates an error if a component of a type becomes Any because mypy couldn’t resolve an import. These “stealth” Any types can be surprising and accidentally cause imprecise type checking.

In this example, we assume that mypy can’t find the module animals, which means that Cat falls back to Any in a type annotation:

# mypy: disallow-any-unimported

from animals import Cat  # type: ignore

# Error: Argument 1 to "feed" becomes "Any" due to an unfollowed import  [no-any-unimported]
def feed(cat: Cat) -> None:
    ...